Antelope Valley Settlement Agreement
In August 2011, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ), Civil Rights Division, initiated an investigation into the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department’s (LASD) Palmdale and Lancaster Stations in response to community complaints about potential Fair Housing Act violations and other general policing issues in the Antelope Valley.
The mandates contained in the Settlement Agreement between LASD and DOJ have been summarized by the AV/DOJ Compliance Unit.
The LASD Antelope Valley Compliance Unit was established in 2015, and is funded by the Board of Supervisors. The Compliance Team’s mission is to initiate and coordinate the more than 150 reforms being undertaken in the Antelope Valley and Department-wide.
The Compliance Unit is commanded by LASD’s, Lieutenant Slade Carrizosa.
Message from Lieutenant Slade Carrizosa:
“As we implement these changes and affirm the responsibilities we have under this agreement, Lancaster and Palmdale Station personnel will work closely with the Antelope Valley Compliance Unit and other Department experts who will be called upon to provide assistance as needed. Working together in a focused effort, and with the concurrence of the Monitors and DOJ, we anticipate that the conditions of the agreement will be completed in a reasonable amount of time.
Although there are a number of obligations we have in the settlement agreement, we will treat these as opportunities to enhance our knowledge and training and to raise the bar in regard to our policies and practices.
Efforts in these areas, coupled with the impressive community outreach work we have seen by Antelope Valley personnel, will help strengthen the trust of the public we serve through an emphasis on Constitutional Policing and through our continued dedication to public safety.”
Antelope Valley Compliance Unit
901 Corporate Center Drive, Suite 308
Monterey Park, Ca 91754
Monitors of the Antelope Valley Settlement Agreement
The monitoring team is responsible for assessing and evaluating the LASD’s progress in implementing and achieving the reforms outlined in the Settlement Agreement. Working with LASD and DOJ in a collaborative manner, the monitoring team will help to ensure that the agreed-upon reforms are instituted and that the constitutional policing practices and expectations laid out in the Settlement Agreement are met. In addition to the ongoing community engagement efforts described below, the monitoring team will produce semi-annual (every six months) reports describing progress toward achieving the goals of the Settlement Agreement.
Dr. Angie Wolf and Joseph Brann serve as lead monitors for the Settlement Agreement. The National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) serves as the administrative organization for the project, which Dr. Wolf manages. The lead monitors and the team they have brought together offer an extensive and diverse pool of skills and experience that will assist in this endeavor.
LASD and the Department of Justice have jointly selected the team of Monitors to oversee the terms of this Agreement. The Monitors will assess LASD’s progress in implementing and achieving compliance with the Agreement; provide technical assistance; report on the status of implementation, work to address any barriers to compliance; and assist to informally resolve disputes or differences should they emerge.
In order to assess and report on LASD’s implementation of the Agreement and whether implementation is resulting in constitutional policing, the Monitors shall conduct compliance reviews, audits, and outcome assessments.
Dr. Angela Wolf
• Director of Justice Strategies, National Council on Crime & Delinquency (NCCD), an organization that provides extensive training and technical assistance to a variety of stakeholders. These include social service agencies, court personnel, law enforcement, and criminal justice agencies, as well as agency trainers and educators.
• Principal investigator of NCCD’s policing and community violence research
• Project Director, California Cities Gang Prevention Network
• Content expert with the Office of the Special Master during the State of California’s Department of Juvenile Justice consent decree.
Mr. Joseph Brann
• Founder and CEO of Joseph Brann & Associates, a consulting firm dedicated to improving organizational performance and management accountability in the public sector.
• Served as a Monitor or as Attorney General’s Special Consultant responsible for assessing and evaluating policing and jail reforms in a variety of jurisdictions (Riverside, California; Maywood, California; Cincinnati, Ohio; and, currently, with the Seattle, Washington, and LASD’s Custody Division)
• Founding Director, DOJ Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
• Former Chief of Police, Hayward, California Police Department
• Federal Bureau of Investigation National Academy Graduate
MONITORING TEAM CONSULTANT MEMBERS
Mr. Saul Green
Areas of Expertise: Monitoring and Implementation of Police Reforms, Internal Investigations, Litigation and Alternative Dispute Resolution
Mr. Green received his Juris Doctor degree from the University of Michigan Law School; he is currently Of Counsel to the law firm of Miller, Canfield, Paddock, and Stone, P.L.C., where he serves as a member of the firm’s litigation group. Mr. Green represents persons under criminal investigation or indictment, conducts internal investigations for organizations that may be the victims of criminal illegal conduct, provides consultation to law enforcement agencies on the implementation of police reforms and best practices, and conducts alternative dispute resolutions.
He was appointed by President William J. Clinton as the US Attorney for the Eastern District of Michigan and served in that position from 1994 to 2001. From 2008 to 2011, Mr. Green served as the deputy mayor of Detroit, Michigan, with principal oversight of the Police, Fire, Law, and Homeland Security departments.
Mr. Green also serves as an adjunct professor at the University Of Michigan Law School, where he co-teaches seminars on fair housing and public safety.
Mr. David Muhammad
Areas of Expertise: Community-Engagement Initiatives, Organizational Development and Change Management, Project Implementation Consultation and Technical Assistance, Positive Youth Development, Violence-Prevention Strategies, Data-Driven Performance Management
Mr. Muhammad is a leader in the fields of criminal justice, violence prevention, and youth development. He will lead the monitoring team’s community information-gathering efforts, which will include organizing and conducting listening sessions, focus groups, and individual interviews. With Ms. Estivaliz Castro (bio is below), he will review and make recommendations regarding the Los Angeles County Sheriff s Department’s recently implemented community engagement initiatives.
Mr. Muhammad is the lead consultant and technical assistance provider to five California counties through the Sierra Health Foundation’s Positive Youth Justice Initiative; he also provides leadership and technical assistance to the Ceasefire Violence Reduction Strategy program in the California cities of Oakland and Stockton. Mr. Muhammad is the executive director emeritus and strategic advisor to the Anti-Recidivism Coalition (ARC), which provides support and advocacy for those who have been incarcerated.
As the former chief probation officer for the Alameda County Probation Department in California, Mr. Muhammad ushered in enormous reform and moved Alameda County away from a deficits-based correctional model to a strengths-based Positive Youth Development model.
Prior to his work in California, Mr. Muhammad served as deputy commissioner of the New York City Department of Probation and as chief of committed services for the Department of Youth Rehabilitation Services in Washington, DC.
Mr. Joe McGrath
Areas of Expertise: Corrections, Use of Force Investigations, Internal Investigations, Ethics for Public Safety Officers, Management Accountability, Organizational Structure
Mr. McGrath served with the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) for more than 30 years, working in four different prisons and the CDCR headquarters. He was promoted through the ranks and held many positions, including serving as Warden at Pelican Bay State Prison. Mr. McGrath ended his correctional system career in the CDCR as the Chief Deputy Secretary for Adult Operations, where he was responsible for the operation of all 33 California state prisons and for parole supervision statewide.
Mr. McGrath has authored several CDCR policies, including their policy on the use of force and their policy on employee investigations and discipline. He co-authored a chapter of the college level textbook Managing Special Populations in Jails and Prisons, published by the Civic Research Institute. He is a certified Phi Theta Kappa instructor in leadership and ethics for public safety officers.
Today, Mr. McGrath continues to work in the field of criminal justice. He provides consulting services to several law enforcement jurisdictions, including the Los Angeles Sheriff s Department and the Denver Sheriff s Department, and has served as an expert witness for both the prosecution and the defense in various criminal cases, and as a plaintiff s and defendant’s expert witness in numerous civil cases.
Mr. Ron Sanchez
Areas of Expertise: Governmental Auditing, Consent Decree Compliance Auditing, Internal Affairs Auditing, Organizational Governance and Risk Management
Mr. Sanchez will provide auditing services in relation to use-of-force incidents, personnel complaints, and investigative stops for the Antelope Valley monitoring project. Mr. Sanchez joined the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) in 1975 and retired as a captain. In 2001, upon approval of the federal consent decree between the US Department of Justice (DOJ) and the LAPD, Mr. Sanchez was handpicked to establish the LAPD’s audit division, whose mission-similar to that of the implementation unit described in this court order-was to evaluate departmental efforts toward compliance with the consent decree’s mandates and to oversee the department’s implementation of the entire consent decree.
Within two years, the audit division moved from conception to a nationally recognized auditing entity. It was cited by the DOJ monitoring team as the “shining star of the Consent Decree.” Audits included, but were not limited to, the areas of command accountability, STOP (racial profiling) data, internal affairs investigations, integrity testing, use-of-force investigation and adjudication, training plans and delivery, arrest and bookings, field operations and activities, detective operations, officer-involved shootings, community engagement, and critical incident response. For more than four years in that role, Mr. Sanchez provided leadership as the audit division’s commander and chief audit executive.
Mr. Dan Koenig
Former Commander (Retired), Los Angeles Police Department
Areas of Expertise: Daily Policing Operations, Organizational Management and Structure, Organizational Oversight and Accountability
Mr. Koenig will be a partner with Mr. Sanchez and will be similarly engaged in the use-of-force, personnel complaints, and investigative stops audits. Mr. Koenig worked in, supervised, and managed patrol and detective operations for 33 years at the LAPD, as well as providing direct staff support to three LAPD Chiefs of Police. Upon his retirement, he served as the executive director for the Los Angeles Board of Police Commissioners.
Mr. Paul Figueroa
Captain, Oakland Police Department
Areas of Expertise: Community Policing and Patrol Response; Law Enforcement Training Design and Delivery; Police Legitimacy, Procedural Justice, and Implicit Bias; Risk Management Strategies; Law Enforcement Accountability and Auditing; Community Trust Building
Paul Figueroa joined the Oakland Police Department (OPD) as an officer in 1995; he currently serves as the OPD’s Assistant Chief of Police. Mr. Figueroa has extensive experience in field command, criminal investigations, accountability, and community policing programs. He has served as commander in the OPD’s Patrol Division, Training Section, Internal Affairs Division, and Inspector General’s Office, and has additionally served as Chief of Staff to the Chief of Police. He has worked to increase the legitimacy of the police, and of procedural justice practices, in Oakland, California.
Mr. Figueroa holds a bachelor’s degree in political science from California State University, East Bay and a master’s degree in public administration from Golden Gate University in San Francisco. In 2012, he received his doctor of education (EdD) in organizational leadership from the University of La Verne in Southern California. Combining his academic pursuits and professional vocation, he has worked to create a model for building trust between police and the communities they serve.
Mr. Figueroa is also a graduate of the FBI National Academy and the Police Executive Research Forum Senior Management Institute for Police.
Reports and Policies
According to the Settlement Agreement:
LASD will facilitate quarterly public meetings of the CAC to discuss the Monitor's reports and to receive community feedback about LASD's progress or compliance with the Agreement.
The CAC's reports and recommendations will be posted on LASD's website. LASD will consider and respond to the civilian panel's recommendations in a timely manner.
Policies Related to Compliance Mandates
The below LASD Policies Have Been Submitted to DOJ & the Federal Monitors for Approval:
- Unit Order on the station's Community Advisory Committee (Approved 05/03/16).
- Unit Order on Supplemental Patrol Procedures (Approved 05/03/16).
- Unit Order on Supplemental Supervisory Responsibilities (Approved 05/03/16).
- Policy on Limited English Proficiency in the context of searches, bias-free policing, and complaint intake. Related to Settlement Agreement (SA) items 52, 66, and 125 (Revised/Approved 04/08/18).
- Policy on photography, audio, and videotaping by the public and members of the press, which establishes a prohibition against discouraging members of the public from documenting police activities. Related to SA item 106 (Revised/Approved 11/06/17).
- Policy on seizure of photographic video or audio evidence from a private citizen or member of the press, related to item above (Revised/Approved 11/06/17).
- A policy on Housing Non-Discrimination (Approved 02/23/18).
- Policy on housing authority non-criminal investigations/inspections (FOD), regarding searches, accompaniment on Section 8 compliance checks, and fair housing reporting and analysis. Related to SA items 54, 76, 77, 78, 79, and 80. (This policy was implemented in 2012 subject to a separate lawsuit.) (Revised/Approved 03/14/18).
- A revised policy on use of force, to address general use of force policy principles, use of force reporting policy, and use of force supervisory investigations. Related to SA items 103, 105, 110, 109, 111a, 111b, 111e, 112a, 112d, 113, 116, 117, 118, and 117 (Submitted to Monitors/DOJ for approval 11/02/17 - Returned for Additional Changes).
- Policy on constitutional policing, regarding the right of members of the public to receive equal protection of the law, without bias as to race, color, ethnicity, national origin, relation, gender, gender identity, disability, or sexual orientation. Related to SA item 64 (Revised/Approved 05/15/17). Includes the following:
- Policy on stops, seizures, and searches, which establishes that investigatory stops and detentions shall be initiated and carried out based on the tenets of constitutional policing and bias-free policing, as in above policy. Related to SA items 41, 43, 50, 51, 52, 56, and 64 (Revised/Approved 05/15/17).
- Policy on backseat detentions, addressing when and by what rationale backseat detentions can be used and how to handle citizen complaints about such detention. Related to SA items 48 and 49 (Revised/Approved 05/15/17).
- Policy on logging public contacts. Related to SA item 44 (Revised/Approved 05/15/17).
- Policy on statistical codes for traffic, pedestrian, and bicycle stops. Related to SA item 44 (Revised/Approved 05/15/17).
- Policy on logging field activities. Related to SA item 44 (Revised/Approved 05/15/17).